Fudging: The Facts (2024)

No matter what the flavor--chocolate, vanilla or peanut butter--top-quality fudge should feel as smooth as velvet on your tongue and provide a few minutes of pure, creamy bliss as it melts in your mouth.

Two pieces of equipment are necessary to successfully make a homemade batch of this candy: a pan that heats evenly and a candy thermometer to ensure accurate temperature control. The pan must also be large enough to allow the candy to boil vigorously without spilling over.

It’s no old wives’ tale that weather plays a role in fudge making. If humidity is high, the candy will absorb moisture and end up being too soft. You can compensate for this, however, by cooking the mixture to about one degree higher than called for in the recipe.


Another important tip: Never double a recipe. Do so and you’re courting disaster!

All candy breaks down into two types: crystalline and amorphous. Fudge is a crystalline candy, meaning the finished product is soft enough to be easily bitten into or cut with a knife. Amorphous candies are very hard to extremely chewy.

The ingredients for fudge are combined and cooked to 234 degrees, cooled to 110 degrees without stirring, then beaten until creamy. Candy that isn’t cooked long enough will end up too soft; overcooking makes fudge crumbly or hard.

High-quality fudge has many small crystals. If the process of crystallization begins too early, fewer crystals form and they become much larger. You can control the process by carefully following these directions.

Begin by buttering the sides of a saucepan (Step 1), then combine the sugar, cocoa, whipping cream and corn syrup (Step 2) in the pan. Dutch process cocoa is recommended for this recipe; however, any unsweetened cocoa powder may be used (Step 3). Bring this mixture to a boil, stirring carefully (Step 4) to avoid splattering the sides of the pan as much as possible.

To be certain the sugar dissolves completely, place a cover on the pan for two to three minutes after the mixture begins to boil. This creates steam inside the pan and washes down any sugar crystals on the sides. Once the lid is removed, you shouldn’t be able to feel any sugar crystals when you rub a wooden spoon against the side of the saucepan.

After removing the lid, clip a candy thermometer to the side of the pan (Step 5). Cook the mixture over medium-low heat, without stirring, until the thermometer registers 234 degrees, about 20 to 25 minutes. The mixture should boil at a moderate, steady rate over the entire surface.


While the fudge is cooking, prepare the baking pan. (Do this before beginning to beat the fudge; otherwise the candy may harden in the saucepan.)

To line the pan, tear off two pieces of foil about 18 inches in length. Fold each sheet to about eight inches in width, so it fits neatly into the bottom of the pan. Press the sheets into the pan in opposite directions (Step 6), allowing the foil to extend over the sides of the pan. Once in place, butter the foil.

When the candy mixture reaches the proper temperature, remove the pan from the heat, leave the thermometer in place and allow the mixture to cool without stirring. It will take about an hour for the temperature to drop to the desired 110 degrees.

When you first begin to beat the fudge it will be thin and very glossy. As you beat vigorously, it will begin to thicken (Step 7). Use a wooden spoon because wood is a poor conductor of heat and the handle will stay comfortably cool while you’re working with the hot candy.

Remember that beating doesn’t harden the fudge (this occurs during cooling); beating begins the process of crystallization. If this occurs throughout the mixture at the same time, the desirable small crystals will form.

One of the most difficult steps in making fudge is knowing when to stop beating. Once the candy becomes thick and almost holds its shape when dropped from the spoon, it’s time to quickly stir in the nuts and push the mixture into the prepared pan (Step 8). Do not scrape the pan too thoroughly; the remaining candy should be enjoyed separately because it is likely to make the batch grainy.

Smooth the candy into an even layer with buttered fingertips (Step 9). Then, while the fudge is still warm, use a sharp knife to score it into pieces (Step 10).

After the fudge has set until firm, use the foil to lift it out of the pan. Peel off the foil, place the candy on a cutting board and use a long, thin-bladed knife to cut along the score lines.

It’s easy to overbeat fudge, especially when you first begin making this candy. Salvage it by scraping the mixture out of the saucepan and kneading it with your fingers until it’s pliable enough to shape into logs that can be sliced into rounds or rolled into bite-size balls.

If the opposite happens--the fudge doesn’t harden--place it back in a clean saucepan with a quarter cup of milk or whipping cream and cook, stirring constantly, until it reaches 236 degrees. Cool as already described and beat again.

Grainy fudge may also be recooked with two tablespoons of whipping cream over very low heat. Break up the fudge as you stir until the candy is warm and slightly softened. Remove from the heat and beat again. Some cooks even prefer kneaded or twice-cooked fudge.



2 cups sugar

1/2 cup unsweetened cocoa powder

2/3 cup whipping cream

2 tablespoons light corn syrup

2 tablespoons butter

1 teaspoon vanilla

1/2 cup coarsely chopped walnuts

Generously butter sides of 3-quart saucepan. Combine sugar, cocoa powder, cream and corn syrup in pan. Stir slowly over moderate heat until mixture comes to boil. Cover saucepan 2 to 3 minutes.


Uncover and attach candy thermometer to side of pan. Boil mixture, without stirring, until thermometer reaches 234 degrees or soft-ball stage.

Meanwhile line 8-inch-square baking pan with foil. Lightly butter foil.

Remove pan from heat, but leave thermometer in place. Drop 2 tablespoons butter on top of candy mixture (do not stir in) and allow mixture to stand, without stirring, until temperature drops to 110 degrees.

Add vanilla, stir gently to incorporate, then beat mixture continuously with wooden spoon until fudge becomes very thick and almost holds shape when dropped from spoon. Stir in nuts and push mixture into prepared pan. While still warm, score candy with sharp knife into desired-size pieces.

After cooling until firm, use foil to lift candy out of pan. Peel away foil, place candy on cutting board and use long, thin-bladed knife to cut into pieces along score lines. Makes 64 (1-inch) squares.

Each serving contains about:

45 calories; 5 mg sodium; 4 mg cholesterol; 2 grams fat; 7 grams carbohydrates; 0 protein; 0 fiber; 39% calories from fat.

Fudging: The Facts (2024)


Fudging: The Facts? ›

Meaning of fudging in English

What does it mean to fudge the facts? ›

[+ object] : to change (something) in order to trick people. The treasurer fudged the figures. It was later discovered that the researchers had fudged their data. fudge the facts.

What does fudging the data mean? ›

Data fudging, a deceitful practice involving the manipulation and misrepresentation of information, can have far-reaching consequences across various domains. 📊🧐

What does fudging the figures mean? ›

: to change (something) in order to trick people. fudged the figures. 2. : to avoid being open or direct : hedge. politicians fudging on the issues.

How do you use fudging in a sentence? ›

How to Use fudge in a Sentence
  1. Politicians have been known to fudge the issues.
  2. The treasurer fudged the figures.
  3. It was later discovered that the researchers had fudged their data.
  4. But ride-hail drivers say that sometimes the rules of the road need to be fudged. ...
  5. So if Texas is fudging its lane counts (for shame!)
May 3, 2024

What does fudging facts mean? ›

Meaning of fudging in English

to avoid making a decision or giving a clear answer about something: fudge the issue The government continues to fudge the issue by refusing to give exact figures. SMART Vocabulary: related words and phrases. Avoiding action. abrogate.

What does fudge mean in slang? ›

When fudge is a verb, it means to avoid straightforwardly answering a question or addressing a subject: "Just answer my question and don't fudge the issue!" Fudge is an American word from college slang meaning "a made-up story."

What is fudging the truth? ›

to change so much as to create a wrong impression or alter the meaning of fudged the facts about his educational background so he could get the position. misrepresenting. distorting. misstating. falsifying.

What does it mean to fudge the results? ›

to cheat about something slightly, esp. by not reporting facts accurately or not telling the exact truth: [ T ] I think the company fudged the figures to make their losses look less than they were.

What does it mean to be fudgy? ›

(figuratively) Fuzzy, imprecise.

Where did the saying "fudging" come from? ›

The origin of the verb to fudge is lost in the mists of the 17th century: some say it derives from the archaic fadge, ''to agree'' or ''to fit pieces together''; others point to the chance of echoic variation of the German futsch, ''gone, ruined''; Isaac D'Israeli, Ben's father, speculated that fudge is an eponym of ...

What does fud mean? ›

abbreviation. fear, uncertainty, doubt.

Does fudge mean to lie? ›

fudge (v.) "put together clumsily or dishonestly," by 1771 (perhaps from 17c.); perhaps an alteration of fadge "make suit, fit" (1570s), a verb of unknown origin. The verb fudge later had an especial association with sailors and log books. The traditional story of the origin of the interjection fudge "lies!

What is the meaning of data fudging? ›

Some of data problems are due to bad data gathering systems, some of it are due to wrong specifications, and some of it is often plain bad or simplistic assumptions. Data fudging on the other hand is clearly inventing data to fit the curve or trend, and is deliberate and thus harder to catch.

What do Americans call fudge? ›

fudge in American English

a soft candy made of butter, milk, sugar, and chocolate or other flavoring, etc.

What does fudging rolls mean? ›

Fudging is reporting the result of a dice roll, made in secret (e.g. behind a GM screen), to be something other than what it was. This is generally only considered to be fudging when done by the GM, and when done by any other player it is considered cheating (although some rare groups may tolerate this).

What does fudge mean in a conversation? ›

If you fudge something, you avoid making a clear and definite decision, distinction, or statement about it.

Why do people say fudge? ›

The term fudge is said to have originated in the 17th century from the verb fadge and means "to fit together in a clumsy manner". During this period, fudge was used as an interjection by sailors to respond to nonsense or untruth.

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